Direct Quoting in Architecture

Architecture is a concept that can easily be translated through many different subjects since it consists many concerns and solutions for several problems related to human. It can also be translated within itself, too. We observe several references from other works of architecture that are brought together to create a new thing. This should not be understood as plagiarism. Architecture is not totally about dreaming or high imagination. What makes it original is the re-interpretation of references for a new composition.
Direct quoting is something new I learned. The first example that I can think of is the Villa Dall’ava case. One of its facade is almost the exact one of Villa Savoye. The architect directly quotes a thing (this could be a staircase, a form, a window etc.) from another work and puts it in his own work. Of course there should always be a reason for the selection of this quotation. It should be working for your work,too. Think it like a quotation in a text. The original source can be talking about somewhere else but the part you quote can be working very well for your content, too.

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For my design I believe that the Double House had a very matching approach. The Double House is famous for interlocking two separate dwelling volumes in one single form. Continue reading “Direct Quoting in Architecture”

Collage work – Revised

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Since we passed to modelling after the first collage work, I started to study both of my phrases in relation and that hanged something. That’s why I felt the need of revising my collage according to my new ideas about the concept.

Phrases of mine: Dodging the attack (aging) + Orienting the peak

My initial collage was classifying the buildings according to their material quality. Those can resist aging and those cannot. Yet, after some research I realized that the attack of aging is something irresistible. Only things that change from material to material is the duration of aging process. Then I started to analyse this process and its effects on a house concept, through my case studies.

I analysed this process basically in 3 steps. At the first step material and nature has their own language but they are in a harmony since a design should also be considering about its surroundings. At the second step of aging both material and nature starts to react each other. For instance in Yuppie Ranch House, a part of its facade was made of wood and when wood started to transform itself it starts to relate itself to the surrounding vegetation of trees and leads to a continuation in material. This can provide the continuation of a space in house at the outer space. In this point the process makes it’s own peak and provides richer relations and harmony of a building with it’s surroundings. At the final stage the material loses its own character through aging and space definitions become weaker. It becomes harder to recognize the material, but surroundings. The cahnge is not that dramatic but in Double House, the material of the facade was a dark black and red like color when it was first built and it was differing itself and making itself a lot more visible through its different color, however now due to the deformation on the material the color is now like a lighter red. A really close color of the building stands near it. This situation diminishes its the effect of its strong being.

The orienting the peak idea of mine remained the same (the most significant part of a house, this can be a staircase, a wall, a space etc.) however this time I also tried to analyse the peak in the process of aging.

 

3d Diagram

Examination of case studies through the phrases orienting the peak + dodging the attack

Our examination about the given case houses is not done yet. After the 2d collage work, we are now supposed to produce a 3d collage (a diagrammatic model) based on our analyses on the houses in combination with the phrases given (mine are “dodging the attack” + “orienting the peak”).

Initially I tried to consider both of my phrases in relation. This was a point that was missing in my 2d collage. Dodging the attack and orienting the peak. I have already chosen an attack which is aging, yet I later noticed that I didn’t think about how to dodge it. That’s why I re-considered it.

Aging was something negative for me that causes to a weakness in the characteristic of a material. But later on when I was trying to connect it with my other phrase, a new idea emerged. At first the material and its nature are two different things. Some designs do try to relate them with the nature which means that the design considers its surroundings like the Eames house or Dutch house of Rem Koolhaas. However, from my point of view they still have their own language even though they coact. In time when the material starts to age like the Yuppie Ranch House+Barn, it blends itself into nature. I was considering something negative but then I discovered that since the material was becoming a part of nature the definition of space was changing. As an addition to the spaces within the houses there emerges some others outside the house when the continuation of a material is ensured then it dodges the attack and this becomes the peak of its aging period.  Continue reading “3d Diagram”

Collage work

Collage work! One that I like the most!
After the “what if” and relievo studies, we were assigned to work on a group of houses and produce a collage with some phrases that were given to us arbitrarily. Let me show you the list of houses first with the keywords.

Le Corbusier, Villa Stein / France 1927
Richard Neutra, Kaufmann House / Californa 1946
Charles and Ray Eames, Eames House / LA, California 1926
MVRDV, Double House / Utrecht 1997
Nevzat Sayın, Yahşibey Evleri 1-7, İzmir 1996-2006
Rem Koolhaas, OMA, Dutch House / Netherlands 1995
Aires Mateus, House in Azeitao / Portugal 2003
ELASTICOSPA + 3, Yuppie Ranch House+Barn / Italy, 2004

My Phrases: Orienting the Peak & Dodging the Attack Continue reading “Collage work”

“What If?” -sketch problem-

What if, Le Corbusier’s Villa Savoye was made of load bearing walls but no post & lintel?

Second semester of second year studio has initiated with an highly impressive sketch problem titled “what if,…” Here is the one that fall to my share:

“What if,
LeCorbusier’s Villa Savoye was made of load bearing walls but no post&lintel”

Initially I aimed to understand the principles of the design approach and qualities of the building. Both post and lintel are actually the main structural elements of Villa Savoye and totally related with the architects approach. Villa Savoye was designed to be a summer house in relation with the surrounding nature -extroverted- . The first level was lifted above the ground level to sustain a continuous, uninterrupted space.This quality was more or less sustained on the second floor with horizontal windows wrapping all four sides, leading to a continuous view of what is behind.
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How could this quality be ensured or what would change when load bearing walls become the matter? What comes to my mind when I think of load bearing wall and another designs of Le Corbusier are Continue reading ““What If?” -sketch problem-“

Cities of Crete

Two different formations

As the locations where the early cities rose on, their belief systems through those regions, the qualities of the earth differ, expectedly it would impress the use of spaces and eventually the architectural understanding of civilizations.

Minoans of Crete designed their cities through the integration of structures with natural organisms. There were no king of Knossos and the peace was dominated so there existed no sign of structures showing social differences. The understanding of peaceful life, surrounding hilltops and the effect of shipping trade pushed the construction of defensive walls into the background. Undoubtedly, the most influential contribution of Minoans was the Labyrinth  with it’s indirect circulations, storage areas like those of Mesopotamian cultures temples and so on. Since the architecture of Knossos was integrated with nature the Labyrinth’s maze-like streets resembles me the indirect passageways naturally occurred in uneven terrains, so we may claim that the source of this idea may be the nature of Crete itself.  The houses of Minoans were small and contiguous like those of Mesopotamia however the differing with their non-axial streets and configuration of the whole city relating itself to the uneven topographic features of the land.

Unlike Minoans, design of structures of the later civilization Mycenaeans was based on military needs thus the positioning of their cities around hilltops was also based on the same aim. The defensive walls of the city ensured by cyclopean walls in other words, irregularly placed giant stones. Mycenaeans were a warrior society so the non-functional design of spaces or indirect passageways like those of Labyrinth were not really suitable for them. For this aim, they focused on fortification of the cities and built their cities through that purposes which ended up with having tiny, windowless houses deprived of pleasure and any integration to natural elements.